STREET DESIGN AND WOMEN’S SAFETY PERCEPTION

Suhaila Abdul Rashid, Mohammad Hussaini Wahab, Wan Nurul Mardiah Wan Mohd Rani

Abstract

Urbanization is a process that creates many opportunities as well as threats. It is a process that will keep on continuing as population rate, migration, economic and social pattern are changing. Along with urbanization, demand for sustainable development and public space is crucial. Streets are important public space in a city. It is a network for many kind of activities. Design of streets affects the way people use it as well as their perception on safety. As a public space, safety is an important factor to consider. A safe public space will create a liveable environment. Feeling safe is important for human being due to the fact the built environment does affect our perception. Gender plays a role in safety perception where women perceive their environment differently. This study focuses on the importance of street as public space in contributing towards safety perception. In order to evaluate the phenomenon, a mixed method approach was adopted. Four streets in the city centre which are important public space with trading activities, connected to educational institution, offices and other economic activities were chosen. 120 questionnaire were distributed and direct observation were conducted in order to evaluate the phenomenon. Findings revealed that physical elements in the street do affect safety perception.

Keywords

Public space, sustainable urban design, street design, safety perception

Full Text:

PDF

References

Bloomingrock (n.d.). Designing safe cities for women, Retrieved from https://www.smartcitiesdive.com

Boulange, C. (2011). The effect of urban crime and perceived safety on urban levels of physical activity: a review. World Health Organisation Kobe Centre for Health Development. Retrieved from www.who.int

Carmona, M., Heath, T., Oc, T. & Tiesdell, S. (2003). Publicplaces-urban spaces: The dimensions of urban design. UK: Architectural Press.

Grabosky, P. N. (1995). Fear of crime and fear reduction strategies. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 44, 41-60.

Masron, T., Yaakob, U., Ayob, N.M., & Mokhtar, A.S. (2012). Population and spatial distribution of urbanisation in Peninsular Malaysia 1957-2000. Geografia: Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 8(2), 20-29.

Mehta, V. (2008). Walkable streets: Pedestrian behaviour, perceptions and attitudes. Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, 1(3). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17549170802529480

Rapoport, A. (1977). Human aspects of urban form: Towards a man-environment approach to urban form and design. New York: Pergamon Press.

Rudlin, D., & Falk, N. (2009). Sustainable urban neighbourhood, building the 21st century home. London: Architectural Press.

Saadatian, O., Lim, C. H., Sohif, M., & Salleh, E. (2011). Sustainable development in Malaysia - planning and initiatives. Recent Researches in Chemistry, Biology, Environment and Culture. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228532721_Sustainable_Developme nt_in_Malaysia-Planning_and_Initiatives.

Stanley, B.W., Barbara L.S., Katrina, L.J. & Michael E.S. (2012). Urban open spaces in historical perspective: A transdisciplinary typology and analysis. Urban Geography, 33(8), 1089-1117.

Soholt, H. (2004, June). Life, spaces and buildings - turning the traditional planning process upside down. 5th International Conference on Walking in the 21st Century, June 9-11 2004, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Thomas, D. (2002). Architecture and the urban environment: A vision for new age, London: Architectural Press.

UN Habitat (2007). Enhancing urban safety and security: Global report on human settlements 2007. London: Earthscan.

UN Women (2015). Safe cities and safe public spaces. Retrieved from http://www2.unwomen.org/-/media/field%20office%20eseasia/docs /publications/2016/10/3un%20women-safecities-brief-test.pdf?la=en&vs=919.

World Bank (2015). Malaysia economic monitor, December 2015 - immigrant labor. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.