Salina Nor Azam, Tanot Unjah


This paper attempts to identify and explicate sustainability approach through innovative management of natural resources that is able to create balance between conservation and utilization of natural resources. Innovative management of natural resources is related to the act of bringing changes or an introduction to a novelty idea for achieving organisational goal which involves organising people, finances and resources, training, controlling, monitoring, and sanctioning. The study focuses on the mangrove ecosystem, one of the most sensitive natural resources in the country, which has been successfully managed by the government through top down approach. Data was gathered through content analysis and interviews with several key persons from the study area. This paper firstly compares the different management approaches in Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve and Kuala Gula Mangrove, before finally elaborating on the innovative management of the latter.


Innovative Management, Sustainability, Mangroves, Community

Full Text:



Abbah, M. T. (2014). Employee motivation: The key to effective organizational management in Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Business and Management Ver. I, 16(4), 2319-7668.

Ahmad, S. (2009). Recreational values of mangrove forest in Larut Matang, Perak. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 21(2), 81-87.

Economic Planning Unit (2015). Eleventh Malaysia Plan, 2016-2020.

FAO (1994). Mangrove forest management guidelines. FAO Forestry Paper No. 117. Rome, 117(117), 319.

Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) (2013). Wetland forest mapping; a tool for socio-economic development and poverty reduction (Technical Report).

Halim, S. A., Salleh, H., & Omar, M. (2011). Engaging the local community in participatory resource management through learning: The experience from Langkawi Island, Malaysia. Kajian Malaysia, 29(SUPPL 1), 125-139.

Downey, J. (2007). Innovation management. Retrieved from ation_management_jul07.pdf.pdf

Kathiresan, K. (2012). Importance of mangrove ecosystem. International Journal of Marine Science, 2(10). doi: 10.5376/ijms.2012.02.0010.

Kathiresan, K., & Rajendran, N. (2005). Coastal mangrove forests mitigated tsunami. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 65(3), 601-606.

Kuhlman, T., & Farrington, J. (2010). What is sustainability? Sustainability, 2(11), 3436-3448.

Ong, J. E. & Gong, W. K. (Eds.). (2013). Structure, function and management of mangrove Ecosystems. Okinawa, Japan: International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems.

Paxton L. (1993). Enviro Facts 3: Sustainable development. Howick, South Africa: Environmental Education Association of Southern Africa.

Polidoro, B. A., Carpenter, K. E., Collins, L., Duke, N. C., Ellison, A. M., Ellison, J. C., ... & Yong, J. W. H. (2010). The loss of species: Mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern. PLoS ONE.

Richards, D. R., & Friess, D. A. (2015). Rates and drivers of mangrove deforestation in Southeast Asia, 2000-2012. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. /pnas.1510272113

Roslan, A., & Nik, M.S., (2013). A working plan for the Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve, Perak: The first 10-year period (2010-2019) of the third rotation. Malaysia: State Forestry Department of Perak Darul Ridzuan.

Sunil, L. (1997). Pilot project: Participatory management of seguwanthive mangrove habitat in Puttlam District, Sri Lanka. In G. F. Claridge & B. O’Callaghan (Eds.), Community involvement in wetland management: lesson from the field. Kuala Lumpur: Wetlands International.

Wever, L., Glaser, M., Gorris, P., & Ferrol-Schulte, D. (2012). Decentralization and participation in integrated coastal management: Policy lessons from Brazil and Indonesia. Ocean and Coastal Management, 66, 63-72.

Wong, S. L. (Ed.). (2004). Matang mangroves: A century of sustainable management. Kuala Lumpur: Sasyaz Holdings Sdn Bhd.

World Trade Organization. (2010). World trade report 2010: trade in natural resources. Retrieved from /world_trade_report10_e.pdf


  • There are currently no refbacks.