PUBLIC PERCEPTION ON TRAFFIC POLLUTION IN FEDERAL TERRITORY OF KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

Siti Haslina Mohd Shafie, Mastura Mahmud

Abstract

Increasing pollutant emission from vehicles and traffic jams is a serious environmental problem in major cities. This study is focused on the level of public perception and awareness on traffic pollution in the capital city of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Analytical tools such as descriptive analysis were applied to investigate the percentage of public perception and awareness towards traffic pollution and identify factors that influence this problem. Results showed that almost all respondents (99%) were very sensitive and were aware on traffic pollution regarding the physical, nonphysical factors and the health effect. Most respondents indicated that emissions from exhaust after switching on was the major contributor of air pollution. In terms of health, respondents perceived that traffic pollution impacted health and a cause of illness. Most respondents agreed with initiatives that provide incentives for public transport usage so that emission from vehicles can be reduced significantly.

Keywords

Traffic pollution, public perception, descriptive analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alvinsyah, Soehodho, S., & Nainggolan, P. J. (2005). Public transport user attitude based on choice model parameter characteristics (Case study: Jakarta busway system). Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 6, 480-491.

Badland, H. M., & Duncan, M. J. (2009). Perceptions of air pollution during the work-related commute by adults in Queensland, Australia. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 5791-5795

Bayer-Oglesby, L., Schindler, C., Hazenkamp-von Arx, M. E., Braun-Fahrlander, C., Keidel, D., ... & the SAPALDIA Team. (2006). Living near main streets and respiratory symptoms in adults the Swiss cohort study on air pollution and lung diseases in adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 164(12), 1190-1198.

Brook, R., Franklin, B., Cascio, W., Hong, Y., Howard, G., & Lipsett, M. (2004). Air pollution and cardiovascular disease: A statement for healthcare professionals from the expert panel on population and prevention science of the American heart association. Circulation, 109, 2655-2671.

Byrd, T. L., VanDerslice, J., & Peterson, S. K. (1997). Variation in environmental risk perceptions and information sources among three communities in El Paso risk. Health, Safety and Environment, 8, 355-372.

Chang, H. L., & Wu, S. C. (2005). Exploring the mode choice in daily travel behavior of the elderly in Taiwan. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 6, 1818-1832.

Chee, W. L., & Fernandez, J. L. (2013). Factors that influence the choice of mode of transport in Penang: A preliminary analysis. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 91, 120-127.

Chen, F., Jackson, H., & Bina, W. F. (2009). Lung adenocarcinoma incidence rates and their relation to motor vehicle density. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, 18(3), 760-764.

Cunningham, B., Cunningham, M. A., & Saigo, B. W. (2005). Environmental science: A global concern (8th Ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill.

Elosta, A. B., Leksono, A. S., & Purnomo, M. (2013). People knowledge and perceptions about carbon dioxide (CO2) air pollution in Malang caused by motor vehicles. International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science, 2, 46-51.

Enger, E. D., & Smith, B. F. (2000). Environmental science: A study of interrelationships (7th Ed.). Boston, Mass: McGraw-Hill.

Garshick, E., Laden, F., E. Hart, J., & Caron, A. (2003). Residence near a major road and respiratory symptoms in U.S. veterans. Epidemiology, 14(6), 728-736.

Gatersleben, B., & Uzzell, D. (2000). The risk perception of transport—generated air pollution. IATSSResearch, 24, 30-38.

Gregory, C., Blanck, H., Gillespie, C., Maynard, L., & Serdula, M. (2008). Perceived health risk of excess body weight among overweight and obese men and women: differences by sex. Preventive Medicine, 47, 46-52.

Halonen, J. I., Blangiardo, M., Toledano, M. B., Fecht, D., Gulliver, J., ... & Tonne, C. (2016). Long-term exposure to traffic pollution and hospital admissions in London. Environmental Pollution, 208, 48-57.

Han, X., & Naeher, L. P. (2006). A review of traffic-related air pollution exposure assessment studies in the developing world. Environment International, 32, 106120.

Heinrich, J., & Wichmann, H. E. (2004). Traffic related pollutants in Europe and their effect on allergic disease. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 4(5), 341-348.

Katsoulis, M., Dimakopoulou, K., Pedeli, X., Trichopoulos, D., Gryparis, A., Trichopoulou, A., & Katsouyanni, K. (2014). Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and cardiovascular health in a Greek cohort study. Science of the Total Environment, 490, 934-940.

Kunzli, N., Kaiser, R., Medina, S., Studnicka, M., Chanel, O., ... & Sommer, H. (2000). Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: A European assessment. Lancet, 356(9232), 795-801.

Mabahwi, N. A., Ling, O. H. L., & Omar, D. (2015). Urban air quality and human health effects in Selangor, Malaysia. Asian Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies, August 25-27, 2014.

Mahmud, M. (2013). Assessment of atmospheric impacts of biomass open burning in Kalimantan, Borneo during 2004. Atmospheric Environment, 78, 242-249.

Morikawa, T., Dissanayake, D., Sanko, N., Kurauchi, S.,... & Rivera, M. (2003). Travel behavior analysis and its implication to urban transport planning for Asian cities: Case Studies of Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, and Nagoya. Research Project, International Cooperative Research Activity (ICRA). Japan: Nagoya University

Pope, C., & Dockery, D. (2006). Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: Lines that connect. Journal of Air and Waste Management, 56, 709-742.

Tonne, C., Beevers, S., Armstrong, B., Kelly, F., & Wilkinson, P. (2008). Air pollution and mortality benefits of the London congestion charge: Spatial and socioeconomic inequalities. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 65(9), 620-627.

World Health Organization (2000). Transport, environment and health. WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No. 89.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.